Onychomycosis is an infection of the nails caused by a microscopic fungus (dermatophytes, yeast or moulds), and it's characterized by thick and brittle nails, often with opaque spots and yellowish residue. In some cases, the nail can spontaneously fall off.
Onychomycosis affects about one in ten people (usually elderly people). Risk factors for infection are humidity, excessive sweating and always wearing closed, non-breathable shoes.
You are likely to get dermatophytes by walking barefoot in humid, crowded places (swimming pools, showers etc.).
People coming into contact with humidity too much are more likely to be contaminated by yeast or moulds (excessive hand washing, agro-food industry professionals, health professionals and nursery school staff).
Go to your family doctor, who will suggest you go see a dermatologist or a podiatrist. These specialists will confirm the infection by taking a nail sample which will be sent to a mycology lab to confirm the diagnosis.
When you get the test results, the specialist will prescribe you the right treatment which may be laser treatment or a topical cream.
The laser causes a photothermolytic effect on the mycosis, namely a synergistic therapeutic effect comprising the laser light and gradual heating at high temperature, that eliminates fungi from the nail.
On average, 4-5 sessions 3 weeks apart.
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